Korean Journal of Microbiology (2022)


Scope of the Journal

Korean Journal of Microbiology (Korean J. Microbiol., KJM)publishes papers that deal with research on microorganisms, including archaea, bacteria,yeasts, fungi, microalgae, protozoa, and simple eukaryotic microorganisms.Topics considered for publication include biochemistry, physiology, molecularbiology, genetics, genomics, molecular biotechnology, virology, immunology,microbial pathogenesis, ecology, environmental microbiology, molecularsystematics, bioinformatics, chemical or physical characterization of microbialstructures or products and basic biological properties of organisms.

Submission of Papers

All submissions to KJM must be made electronically via the web-enabledonline manuscript submission and review system : http://www.kjom.org/submission (E-mail submissions will not be accepted). Information regarding acceptabletypes of files for submission can be found on the On-line Submission page ofthe Journal Homepage. It is recommended that all tables and figures beassembled into a single file together with the main text when submitted.
The manuscript must be accompanied by a cover letter stating the title of themanuscript, name, affiliation, and title of each author, and complete mailingaddress(es), telephone and fax number(s) of the corresponding author,electronic mail address(es) if available.
Manuscripts should be double-spaced and all pages, including the abstract,figures, and tables, should be numbered in sequence. Manuscript pages musthave margins of at least 2.5 cm on all four sides.

Editorial Office

The Microbiological Society of Korea
Rm. 810 (New Bldg.), The Korea Science & Technology Center 22, Teheran-ro7-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06130, Republic of Korea
E-mail: msk@msk.or.kr
Tel: +82-2-3453-3386
Fax: +82-2-3453-3322



Only papers that report novel and significant scientific findings inmicrobiology will be considered and accepted for publication. Manuscriptssubmitted to JM must represent reports of original research. A manuscript willbe accepted on the conditions that the presented work was not publishedpreviously, and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Authorship and Ethical Issue

Anyone who made a substantial contribution to the work may be includedin the author list. Credit for authorship should be based on the four criteria: (1)substantial contributions to conceptualization, design, and the acquisition,analysis, and interpretation of data; and (2) drafting of the article or revising itcritically for significant intellectual content; and (3) final approval of theversion to be published; and (4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects ofthe work, ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any partof the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Any contributions forthe paper which do not fit all four of these criteria should be listed in the“Acknowledgements” of the paper. The corresponding author is responsiblefor ensuring that all the listed authors have agreed to all of the content,including the author list and author contribution statements and approved themanuscript submission to the journal. The corresponding author is alsoresponsible for managing all communication between the journal and allco-authors before and after publication. To avoid any possible dispute duringprocessing, authorship changes including the order of authors’names duringrevision must be agreed upon by all of the authors and brought to the editor’attention in the cover letter submitted with the revised version.
Manuscripts dealing with any experimental work on humans or animalsshould meet the relevant regulations or requirements imposed by institutionalor governmental authorities. All research on human subjects should beconducted in accordance with the ethical standards outlined in the HelsinkiDeclaration of 1975 (revised 2013), and the research protocol must beapproved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB) prior to conductingexperiments. All research involving experimental animals should be reviewedand approved by the author(s)’ Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees(IACUC) prior to commencing the study, and should be performed inaccordance with relevant institutional and national guidelines and regulations.
Details of the ethical approval status of the research must be described in the“Ethical Statement” section of the manuscript (after “Conflict of Interest”),including the IRB and/or IACUC approval number(s). If the study was exemptfrom ethics approval, author(s) should clearly state the reasons in the generatedstatement.
Eusure correct use of the terms sex (when reporting biological factors) andgender (identity, psychosocial or cultural factors), and unless inappropriate,report the sex and/or gender of study participants, the sex of animals or cells,and describe the methods used to determine sex and gender. If the study wasdone involving an exclusive population, for example in only cases (e.g., prostate cancer), authors should define how they determined race and ethnicityand justify their relevance. The editor reserves the right to reject papers ifethical aspects are in doubt. For the policies on the research and publicationethics not stated in this instruction,"Guidelines on Good Publication (http://www.publicationethics.org/international-standards-editors-and-authors) can be applied.

Conflict of Interest : Authors must agree to disclose all affiliations, fundingsources, and financial or management relationships that could be perceived aspotential sources of bias. Anything that can be perceived as a potential conflictof interest should be disclosed within the statements section, duringsubmission. A conflict of interest statement can be automatically generated inthe final publication version of the article.
Also members of KJM Editorial Boards are required to disclose any actual andpotential conflicts of interest upon accepting an editorial or review assignment.If there is a possibility of financial or other conflict of interest that may affect, the assignment should be rejected. Furthermore, information obtained from thereviewed paper should not be used before it is published.
Failure to declare competing interests can result in the rejection of amanuscript. If an undisclosed competing interest comes to light afterpublication, KJM will take action in accordance with internal policies andCommittee on Publication Ethics guidelines.

Copyright : KJM requires the corresponding author to sign a copyright transferagreement on behalf of all the authors. This agreement form is sent to thecorresponding author when the manuscript is accepted and scheduled forpublication. Unless the signed agreement form is received, KJM will notpublish the manuscript.

Page Charges : Page charges are currently 50,000 KRW for members, 70,000KRW for non-members and US$30 for overseas author per page. A page chargeform is sent along with page proofs and a reprint order form to the correspondingauthor prior to publication. Invited minireviews are not subject to page charges.

Review Process :All manuscripts are reviewed confidentially by members ofthe editorial board or qualified reviewers. When a manuscript is submitted toKJM, it is given a manuscript number and assigned to one of the members of theboard for review. The manuscript number should be referred to in anysubsequent communications between the corresponding author and the editoror the Editorial Office. The reviewers operate under the Guidelines forReviewers and are expected to complete their reviews as soon as possible. Thecorresponding author is generally notified of the reviewers’decision to accept,reject, or require modification or revision from the editor or the Editorial Officewithin 4 weeks of submission. When a manuscript is returned to the correspondingauthor for modification or revision, it should be returned to the editor within 2months, or it may be considered withdrawn. The authors should supply theAuthors’Checklist and Response to the editor along with the modified orrevised manuscript. Manuscripts that have been rejected or withdrawn may beresubmitted if the major criticisms have been properly addressed. As with theinitial submission, resubmitted manuscripts should be accompanied by a coverletter stating that the manuscript is a resubmission and describing in detail whatchanges have been made. The same editor that handled the original submissionwill normally handle the resubmitted manuscript.

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Notification of Acceptance : When an editor has decided that a manuscript isacceptable for publication, the corresponding author and the editorial officewill be notified. The Editorial Office will check if the manuscript was preparedaccording to the guidelines, however the authors are primarily responsible forthe format and quality of the paper. The editor of KJM will complete theassignment of editing after the manuscript is considered to meet the prescribedstandards.

Page Proofs : The Editorial Office sends printed page proofs and a page charge/reprint order form to the corresponding author. Page proofs should becorrected, signed by the corresponding author and mailed back to the editorialoffice within 5 days, however extensive corrections, additions, or deletionsshould not be made during the proof stage. Important new information orreferences of unpublished data or personal communications that have becomeavailable in the time between acceptance of the manuscript and receipt of theproofs may be inserted with the permission of the editor. Otherwise, changesare limited to correction of spelling errors, incorrect data, grammatical errorsand updated information regarding references.

Reprints : Reprint charge is currently 30,000 KRW for the initial 50 copies.Extra copies are available for 20,000 KRW per additional 50 copies. It can beordered and purchased through the page charge/reprint order form that is sentto the corresponding author prior to publication.

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Reviews are brief summaries of developments in fast moving areas. Theymust be based on published articles, and may address any subject within thescope of JM. Minireviews are invited by the editors, not solicited, and are notsubject to editorial review. Anyone, wishing to submit minireviews, shouldprovide a potential title and subject of the review article to the editors to seekpermission.


Regular papers are considered the usual format of KJM. Each manuscriptshould present the results of an independent and cohesive study. Thus,numbered series titles are not allowed. Avoid the main title/subtitlearrangement, complete sentences, and unnecessary articles. A regular papershould include all of the elements described in this section.
The entire manuscript, including the figure legends, table legends, andReferences, should be double spaced and pages should be numbered.Manuscript pages should have line numbers. The font size should not be largerthan 12.
KJM strongly recommends using the past tense to narrate particular eventsin the past, including procedures, observations, and data pertaining to the studythat you are reporting. Use the present tense for your own general conclusions,conclusions of previous researchers, and generally accepted facts. Thus, mostof the Abstract, Materials and Methods, and Results sections will be in the pasttense, and most of the Introduction and Discussion sections will be in thepresent tense.
Manuscripts may be editorially rejected on the basis of poor English or lackof format conformity to the Instructions.

Title Page :On the title page, include the title, running title (not to exceed 10words), name of each author, address(es) of the institution(s) where the workwas performed, each author’ affiliation, and a footnote indicating the presentaddress of any author no longer at the institution where the work wasperformed. Place an asterisk after the name of the corresponding author.
Abstract : The abstract should not exceed 250 words, and should conciselysummarize the basic content of the paper. Experimental details should not bepresented in the abstract. Avoid abbreviations and do not include references ordiagrams. Provide less than six keywords at the bottom of the Abstract.
Introduction : The introduction should supply sufficient background informationto allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present studywithout referring to previous publications on the topic. The introduction shouldalso provide the rationale for the present study. Use only those referencesrequired to provide the most salient background rather than an extensive reviewof the topic.
Materials and Methods : The Materials and Methods section should includesufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated. Giveenough information about the maker and model of instrument, operatingconditions and other details of the experimental procedures. For commonlyused materials and methods (media and protein determinations for example), asimple reference is sufficient. Enzyme purifications or procedures should bedescribed as briefly as possible. If several alternative methods are commonlyused, it is helpful to identify the method briefly as well as to cite the reference.Describe new methods or techniques in detail and give sources of unusualchemicals, equipment, or microbial strains so that another investigator canrepeat the same procedure. When a large number of microbial strains, mutants,bacteriophages, or plasmids are used, include tables identifying their sourcesand properties.
Results : The Results section should include results of the experiments.Extensive interpretation of the results should be reserved for the Discussionsection. Present the results as concisely as possible in one of the following: text,table(s), or figure(s). Avoid extensive use of graphs to present data that mightbe more concisely presented in the text or tables. Limit photographs,particularly photomicrographs and electron micrographs, to those that areabsolutely necessary to show the experimental findings. Number figures andtables in order and be sure to cite all figures and tables in the text.
Discussion : The Discussion section should provide an interpretation of theresults in relation to previously published works and should not containextensive repetition of the Results section or reiteration of the Introduction. Inshort papers, the Results and Discussion sections may be combined.
Acknowledgements : Acknowledgments of financial and personal assistance are tobe given in a separate paragraph(s) as briefly as possible.
Conflict of Interest : Author(s) must disclose any relationships that could beperceived as potential sources of bias.
References : The References section should include all journal articles, books,patents, and theses cited in the text, tables or figures. Arrange the citations inalphabetical order based on the first authors’name. Abbreviate journal names,according to BIOSIS Serial Sources, in italic letters. Cite the references in thetext by author name(s) with the publication year. Single- and double-authoredpapers are cited by both authors’last names, whereas papers with more thanthree authors are cited by the first author’ last name followed by et al. in italic.Other relevant sources, such as articles submitted for publication, unpublisheddata, or personal communication, should not be listed in this section, but can becited in the text

Follow the styles shown in the examples below.

Anagnostopoulos C and Spizizen J.1961. Requirements for transformation in Bacillus subtilis. J. Bacteriol. 81, 741–746.
Berry LJ, Moore RN, Goodrum KJ, and Couch RE Jr. 1977. Cellular requirements for enzyme inhibition by endotoxin in mice, pp. 321–325. InSchlessinger D. (ed.), Microbiology-1977. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., USA.
Dhole A, Ortega I, and Berauer C.1989. Effect of oxygen on in vitro growth ofMycobacterium leprae. Abstr. U-82, p. 168. Abstr. 89th Annu. Meet. Am.Soc. Microbiol
Koo CS, Seo SK, Kim D, and Jang D. 2018. A novel marinederived bacterium,and cosmetic compositions using the same. Vol. KR1019186 73B1,Republic of Korea.
Leadbetter ER. 1974. Order II. Cytophagales nomen novum, p. 99. In BuchananRE and Gibbons NE. (eds.), Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology,8th ed. The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Miller JH. 1972. Experiments in molecular genetics, pp. 352–355. Cold SpringHarbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, N.Y., USA.
Na JU, Youn H, and Kang SO. 1993. Physicochemical characterization ofchlorosome isolated from Chlorobium limicola NCIB 8327. Korean J.Microbiol. 32, 9–6.
Powers RD, Dotson WM Jr, and Hayden FG. 1982. Program Abstr. 22ndIntersci. Conf. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother., iv Abstr. 448.
Sigma Chemical Co. 1989. Sigma manual. Sigma Chemical Co., St Louis,Missouri, USA.
Wei LJ. 2005. Master thesis. Studies on anatomy structure characteristics ofsome cycads and adaptation of them and environment. Guangxi University,Guangxi, China.

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The note format is intended for the presentation of brief observations that donot warrant full-length papers. Submit Notes in the same way as regularpapers. They receive the same review and are not considered preliminarycommunications. Notes should be prepared according to the followingguidelines. The abstract should not exceed 100 words. Section headings(Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion etc.) should not beused in the body of Note. Text should not exceed 2,000 words, excluding theTitle page and References, and the number of figures and tables should also bekept to a minimum. Present acknowledgments in a separate paragraph, but donot use a heading. The References section is identical to that of Regular Papers.

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Genome Announcements are brief papers which report either a completegenome sequence(s) or a draft whole-genome sequence(s) of bacteria, archaea,viruses and eukaryotes. The paper should address the microbial origin andmethodologies used in sequencing and assembly of obtained sequences.

    The contents are as follow:
  • - Abstract: Abstract describing brief summary must be no more than 100 words in English.
  • - The text including introduction, materials and methods, results, anddiscussion except acknowledgment and references must be no more than500 words in English version or 3,700 characters (including space) inKorean version. The main text (introduction, materials and methods,results and discussion) should not be sectioned.
  • - Microorganism(s) must be deposited in an internationally-acknowledgedmicrobial culture collection center(e.g. KCTC, KACC, JCM, DSMZetc.). The accession number(s) of nucleotide sequence(s) must beprovided in a separate paragraph at the end of the text with a title“Nucleotide sequence accession number(s).” The sequence(s) must bepublicly available before the submission. The sequence(s) should beavailable through a database (e.g. GenBank, EMBL, KOBIC etc.).
  • - Abstract in Korean
  • - Acknowledgment(s)
  • - Conflict of Interest
  • - References: The number of references must be no more than 10.
  • - A single table should be included in the text, however, a single figure can be added, if necessary.
  • - The publication does not preclude later publication regarding further study, e.g., full analysis of the data.
  • - Both complete and draft genome sequences are acceptable. The number of scaffolds from the draft genome sequence is not limited, however, a corresponding editor(s) will decide for the significance.
  • - Fixed publication fee will be charged (250,000 KRW for members of “The Microbiological Society of Korea” and 350,000 KRW for non-members / US$150 for overseas).


The Erratum section includes correcting errors that occurred during typing,editing, or printing (like as a misspelling, a dropped word) of a publishedarticle. Send Errata to the KJM editorial office by e-mail (msk@msk.or.kr).


The Corrigenda section is for correcting errors of a scientific nature oromission that do not affect the original results of a published article. Send theCorrections of a scientific nature to the KJM editorial office by e-mail(msk@msk.or.kr).


A fast-track process is available for authors who desire quick publicationof their papers. Authors should contact the Editorial Office (E-mail:msk@msk.or.kr) for fast-track submission. Authors must submit a cover letterstating the novel and significant results of the research and the need forfast-track publication. The review process will be conducted as rapidly aspossible, usually within 7-10 working days of receipt, and publication ofaccepted papers in an issue will follow within 3 months of the date ofacceptance. Manuscripts requiring major revisions will not be accepted, butcan be considered for normal-track review. Authors will be charged 70,000KRW for members, 90,000 KRW for non-members and US$40 for overseasauthor per printed page of fast-track publication. Additionally, 50,000 KRW(US$50) will be charged for the initiation of fast-track review.


Please check each of the following items prior to submission of a manuscript.

▢ The manuscript was prepared using the Microsoft Word.
▢ Telephone and fax numbers, and E-mail address of the corresponding author
▢ Running title, Keywords
▢ Page and line numbers
▢ Species names in the title were not abbreviated.
▢ All tables (including title, description, footnotes) and figures (separated from figure legends) are provided in a single file with main text for initial submission.
▢ References were listed alphabetically by the names of the first author.
▢ All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa.

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Is Molecular Microbiology a good journal? ›

The overall rank of Molecular Microbiology is 2228. According to SCImago Journal Rank (SJR), this journal is ranked 1.446. SCImago Journal Rank is an indicator, which measures the scientific influence of journals.

Is advances in microbiology a good journal? ›

This journal is the most revered for its state of art articles where the research is original and include molecular aspects to generate a significant contribution of broad interest.

Is the journal of microbiology peer-reviewed? ›

The journal welcomes manuscripts from all countries. Microbiology is a peer reviewed journal.

Is Journal of Bacteriology a good? ›

The overall rank of Journal of Bacteriology is 3210. According to SCImago Journal Rank (SJR), this journal is ranked 1.165. SCImago Journal Rank is an indicator, which measures the scientific influence of journals.

What are the top Microbiology journals? ›

Top ten microbiology journals, based on 2021 ISI impact factor.
  • Lancet Microbe.
  • Nature Reviews Microbiology.
  • Clinical Microbiology Reviews.
  • Cell Host & Microbe.
  • Nature Microbiology.
  • Clinical Infectious Diseases.
  • Emerging Microbes & Infections.
  • Trends in Microbiology.
6 Oct 2022

Which is harder Microbiology or molecular biology? ›

Microbiology can be tough if you don't know your basic molecular biology. Especially when thinking about how organisms move, grow and infect other living things. That's usually why molecular biology comes before microbiology in a science-based curriculum (especially med school!).


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